CIVIL SERVICES / What Is Civil Services

What is Civil Services?

Civil Services is a permanent executive branch of the republic India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of a country.


Civil services is a permanent excutive branch of the republic India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of a country.

In indian parliamentry democracy the responsibility for running the administration rests with the ministers. But a handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the problems of the modern administration. THus the ministers lay down the policy and civil servants carry out the policy.

THE excutive decisions of a country are implemented by the civil servants. The members of civil services serve at the pleasure of the president of india and article 311 of the constitution of India protects them from politically motivated and vendicate action.


Civil Service in early India, Aitchison Commission, Royal Commission on the Public Services in India, and Imperial Secretariat Service

Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as the 'Father of Civil Service in India'. He introduced Covenanted Civil Services (Higher Civil Services) and Uncovenanted Civil Services (Lower Civil Services).

The present civil services of India is mainly based on the pattern of the former Indian Civil Service of British India. The civil services were divided into two categories - covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., English personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government. The uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower rung of the administration.With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919, the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, were split into two – All India Services and Central Services.

The All India and Central Services (Group A) were designated as Central Superior Services as early as 1924. From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India consisted of 10 All India Services and 5 central departments, all under the control of Secretary of State for India, and 3 central departments under joint Provincial and Imperial Control.


The present modern civil service was formed after the partition of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel's vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.[citation needed]

By the early 21st century, Indian civil servants have been colloquially called "babus",while Indian bureaucracy is called "babudom", as in the "rule of babus", especially in Indian media.

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions located in New Delhi is "unofficially the Ministry of Civil Services" in India. The Ministry is responsible for training, reforms and pension for the civil service system in India.

Constitutional provision for All-India Services

The constitution under Article 312 provides for All India Civil Services branches to be set up by giving the power to the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) to resolve by a two-thirds majority to establish new all-India services. The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service are set up under this constitutional provision.


An Indian diplomatic passport and an official passport which is generally issued to civil servants. As opposed to the deep blue passport issued to ordinary Indian citizens, the diplomatic passport is maroon coloured with the golden text 'Diplomatic Passport' printed on it, and the Hindi equivalent.

The responsibility of the civil services is to run the administration of India. The country is managed through a number of Central Government agencies in accordance with the policy directions given by the ministries.

The members of the civil services represent as administrators in the central government and state government; emissaries in the foreign missions/embassies; as tax collectors and revenue commissioners; as civil service commissioned police officers; as permanent representative(s) and employees in the United Nations and its agencies and as Chairman, Managing Director, full-time functional Director/Member of the Board of Management of various Public Sector Undertakings/ Enterprises, Corporations, Banks and financial institutions. Civil servants are employed to various agencies of India and can also be appointed as advisors or special duty officers or private secretaries to ministers of the Union and the State Government.

All appointments in the rank of Joint Secretary to Government of India and above, other major appointments, empanelment and extension of tenure is done by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. However, all appointments in the rank below Joint Secretary in the federal government is done by the Civil Services Board.Civil servents are the actual laws and policies' makers in the country.They work on behalf of the elected government , they can't show their disinterest or disapproval for the newly elcted governing government publicly. Its mandatory for them to form certain rules and policies according to the governments views and interests but they also cannot be removed by any state government or central government but they can only be retired.




The highest ranking civil servant is the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board; the chief of the Indian Administrative Service and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India. He also holds the 11th position in the Order of Precedence of India.The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment.



The Government of India promotes values and a certain standard of ethics of requiring and facilitating every civil servant.

To discharge official duty with responsibility, honesty, accountability and without discrimination.
To ensure effective management, leadership development and personal growth.
To avoid misuse of official position or information.
To serve as instruments of good governance and foster social economic development.


A member of the civil service in discharge of his/her functions is to be guided by maintaining absolute integrity, allegiance to the constitution and the law of the nation, patriotism, national pride, devotion to duty, honesty, impartiality and transparency.


The Higher Civil Services of India can be classified into two types - the All India Services and the Central Civil Services (Group A). The recruits are university graduates (or above) selected through a rigorous system of examinations: Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I.E.S./I.S.S. Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for Group A posts.


All appointments to All India Civil Services are made by the President of India.

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

Indian Police Service (IPS)

Indian Forest Service (IFoS)

Central Services (Group A)

The Central Civil Services (Group A) are concerned with the administration of the Union Government. All appointments to Central Civil Services (Group A) are made by the President of India.

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
Indian Revenue Service(IRS-IT)
Indian Revenue Service(IRS-C&CE)
Indian Audit and Account Service(IA&AS)
Indian Civil Accounts Service(ICAS)
Indian Corporate Law Service(ICLS)
Indian Defence Accounts Service(IDAS)
Indian Defence Estates Services(IDES)
Indian Ordance Factories Service(IOFS)
Indian Information Services(IIS)
Indian Postal Service(IPoS)
Indian Post and Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service(IP&TAFS)
Indian Railway Accounts Service(IRAS)
Indian Railway Personnel Service(IRPS)
Indian Railway Traffic Service(IRTS)
Indian Trade Service(ITrS)
Railway Protection Force(RPF)


Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service(AFHCS)
Delhi,Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service(DANICS)
Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Island Police Service(DANIPS)
Pondicherry Civil Serice(POS)
Pondicherry Police Service(PPS)


The Civil Service Day is celebrated on 21 April every year. The purpose for this day is to rededicate and recommit themselves to the cause of the people. It is observed by all Civil Services. This day gives civil servants the opportunity for introspection and thinking about future strategies to deal with the challenges being posed by the changing times.

On this occasion, all officers of Central and State Governments are honoured for excellence in public administration by the Prime Minister of India. The 'Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration' is presented in three categories. Under this scheme of awards instituted in 2006, all the officers individually or as group or as organisation are eligible.

The award includes a medal, scroll and a cash amount of ?100,000 (US$1,600). In case of a group, the total award money is ?500,000 (US$7,800) subject to a maximum of ?100,000 (US$1,600) per person. For an organisation the cash amount is limited to ?500,000 (US$7,800)

Examination 2013 there are According to the new marks allocations in Civil Service some changes made in the examination according to the suggestion of the Prof. Arun. S. Nigavekar Committee. However, after some controversy, the qualifying papers for Indian languages and English were restored to the examination.


UPSC every year conducts the civil services examination that screens candidates for selection in the IAS, IPS and other Central services. Being one of the toughest examinations of India, Civil Services Examination requires rigours preparation and training.We are committed provide the best help and guidance